Read Revelation 15
Chapter 15, though brief, is an introduction to the final judgment set that is about to take place. These judgments are known as the “bowl judgments” or the “bowls of God’s wrath.” They are also the final judgments that are to take place and will see the final end and defeat of the dragon, the beasts, and all of sin and evil.
These judgments are likened to the plagues that came upon Egypt when God worked to free them from the hold of Egypt. The plagues, like these judgments, were a punishment to the evil that enslaved them and their freedom is a foreshadowing of the freedom that all of God’s people will experience as well.
It is interesting to note here that the song that they sing in this chapter is the song of Miriam and Moses that was sung on the shores of the Red Sea after the armies of Egypt were defeated. That event is intentionally paired with the final judgments on “Babylon” and the defeat of Satan and all his forces of evil.
The image of the Temple / Tabernacle that John sees is also linked directly with both the events in Egypt and those of the final defeat of Satan. Ultimately this is the purpose and trajectory of the covenant that God makes with Abraham and all the following re-affirmations made with Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, and the New Covenant that comes in Jesus Christ as well. In fact, this has been the end to which God has been working since the fall of humanity into sin at the very beginning. When the Temple / Tabernacle come into view we get, once again, the image of God’s presence and dwelling humankind. The Tabernacle is the most connected image to the Exodus story, of course, but the Temple represents the same thing: the dwelling of God and God’s covenant promises to His people.
Out of this come the seven angels with the seven bowls of God’s wrath. Behind them pours out smoke from the glory of God because of which no one could enter the Temple. While the Tabernacle was open, none could yet enter because the final series of events had not been completed. Soon, though, God’s dwelling will rest on earth and we will dwell with Him.